The philippine architecture spanish colonial period

Ivatan people and Idjang The Ivatan people of the northern islands of Batanes often built fortifications to protect themselves during times of war. Ferdinand Magellan, painting, The socioeconomic consequences of the Spanish policies that accompanied this shift reinforced class differences.

This is due to the fact that mostly Filipinos are inexperienced with the construction of stone buildings. The fort is the citadel of the walled city of Intramurosin Manila.

Rent Alabang Homes Understanding the roots of Philippine architecture is an interesting adventure as you revisit your heritage and discover how the lives of Filipinos from different periods of our history were reflected through structures of houses, churches, mosques, temples, government buildings, cultural centers and many others.

The most glorious colonial churches are still standing firm and most of them are found in the Visayan islands of Panay, Cebu and Bohol, Ilocos Regions, Southern Luzon particularly in Laguna and Batangas.

Category:Spanish Colonial architecture in the Philippines

Some ordinances emphasize the need for proper orientation so as to maximize the cool winds. The power of the church derived not simply from wealth and official status.

The datus and other representatives of the old noble class took advantage of the introduction of the Western concept of absolute ownership of land to claim as their own fields cultivated by their various retainers, even though traditional land rights had been limited to usufruct.

They also established a system to water these plots by harvesting water from mountaintop forests. Let us make sure that we contribute in the preservation of our cultural heritage through the structures of the past which will make us appreciate our identity as a nation.

Master builders and artisans who participated in the creation of the churches were Chinese and Muslims from the South.

Architecture of the Philippines

Just by reviewing our history as a nation, the Philippines is a melting pot of various cultures not just from its Western colonizers but even from its neighbors in Asia even before the Spaniards came. Designed in the most respectable manner, these government houses resembled Greek or Roman architecture.

Most of the mosques in the Philippines today have common Islamic architectures imported from Arabia merged with modern style, though some vernacular pagoda-style mosques can still be seen in Mindanao such as the Masjid Datu Untong Balabaran of Taviran in Datu Odin Sinsuat, Maguindanao.

Thus, they were an invaluable source of information to the colonial government. Manila dominated the islands not only as the political capital. With the arrival of the Americans in came a new breed of architectural structures in the Philippines.

This type of architecture is European but originated from Central America and not Spain which was tweaked to suit the tropical climate of the Philippines and thereafter, had its own Filipino and unique character.

The priests and friars had a command of local languages rare among the lay Spanish, and in the provinces they outnumbered civil officials. The Muslim Filipinos of the south built strong fortresses called kota or moong to protect their communities.

Usually, entire families occupies the kotas, rather than just warriors. Thus, their design and concepts may have the tendency to be biased to them. In the first decades of missionary work, local religions were vigorously suppressed; old practices were not tolerated. The reinforced concrete fortress shaped like a battleship was built by the United States in as one of the harbor defenses at the wider South Channel entrance to the bay during the American colonial period.

The Spanish period Spanish colonial motives were not, however, strictly commercial. The current trend is to improve efficiency of constructed buildings while moderating the use of energy.Mar 22,  · Spanish Colonial Period Architecture in the Philippine Context Arch 16 taught me that, generally speaking, there are two main concepts affecting architecture – context and culture.

The pre-colonial architecture clearly showed the manifestation of these factors in the layout, structure, design, settlements, and fortifications of the early barangay.

Spanish Colonial Era The arrival of Spanish conquerors introduced the Antillean style of architecture. This type of architecture is European (but originated from Central America and not Spain) which was tweaked to suit the tropical climate of the Philippines and.

Spanish Colonial Period Chapter Review Arch Abegail Imee R.

History of Philippine Architecture

Enriquez Spanish Colonial Period How does Spanish Colonial architecture reflect Filipino identity? Discuss the various building types and their relationship to pre-colonial architecture in your ultimedescente.comh colonial architecture reflects Filipino identity mostly through the Religious Architecture.

The American tradition in Philippine architecture covers the period from to the present, and encompasses all architectural styles, such as the European styles, which came into the Philippines during the American colonial period.

The architecture of the Philippines is a reflection of the history and heritage of the country. The most prominent historic constructions in the archipelago are from the Spanish Colonial period, though much Philippine architecture is also influenced by Japanese, Malay, Hindu, Chinese, and American cultures.

Spanish colonial architecture reflects Filipino identity mostly through the Religious Architecture. As what the world knows, Philippines is the only Catholic country in Southeast Asia; thus, most of our structures all over the archipelago were Catholic Churches due to the influence of Catholicism.

The philippine architecture spanish colonial period
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