The degree to which centralization or decentralization should be adopted depends on the specific organization in which the manager is working. Responsibility involves being accountable, and is therefore naturally associated with authority.
The existence of a scalar chain and adherence to it are necessary if the organization is to be successful. Lower level managers should always keep upper level managers informed of their work activities.
The President possesses the most authority; the first line supervisor the least. All employees should be treated as equally as possible. Recruitment and Selection Costs, as well as increased product-reject rates are usually associated with hiring new workers.
Each manager, from the first line supervisor to the president, possess certain amounts of authority. The interests of one person should not take priority over the interests of the organization as a whole. Workers should receive orders from only one manager.
Fayol presented work specialization as the best way to use the human resources of the organization.
The concepts of Authority and responsibility are closely related. Authority was defined by Fayol as the right to give orders and the power to exact obedience. The entire organization should be moving towards a common objective in a common direction.
For the sake of efficiency and coordination, all materials and people related to a specific kind of work should be treated as equally as possible. Fayol defined centralization as lowering the importance of the subordinate role. Whoever assumes authority also assumes responsibility.
Management should encourage harmony and general good feelings among employees. Management should take steps to encourage worker initiative, which is defined as new or additional work activity undertaken through self direction. Managers in hierarchies are part of a chain like authority scale.
Decentralization is increasing the importance.Dec 04, · Management Principles developed by Henri Fayol: DIVISION OF WORK: Work should be divided among individuals and groups to ensure that effort and attention are focused on special portions of the task.
Fayol presented work specialization as the best way to use the human resources of the organization. Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one? Check it out.Download